Internet of Things -IoT

  • Refers to real-time acquisition of any object or process that needs to be monitored
  • Connected and interacted through various information sensors, radio frequency identification technology
  • Global positioning system
  • Infrared sensors
  • Laser scanners and other devices and technologies,
  • Sound,
  • Light
  • Heat
  • Electricity
  • Mechanics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Location
  • The information needed can be connected with objects and people through various possible network access, and intellectualized perception, recognition, and management of objects and processes can be realized.
  • The Internet of Things (IoT) is an information carrier based on the Internet, traditional telecommunication networks, and so on. It enables all ordinary physical objects that can be independently addressed to form interconnected networks.


The Internet of Things is an important part of the new generation of information technology.

The IT industry is also called: Pan-interconnection, which means that things are connected and everything is connected.

Therefore, “The Internet of Things is the Internet of Things”. This has two meanings: first, the core and foundation of the Internet of Things is still the Internet, which is an extended and expanded network based on the Internet; second, its user end extends and extends to any item and item to carry out information exchange and communication.

The definition of the Internet of Things is to use radio frequency identification, infrared sensors, global positioning systems, laser scanners, and other information sensing equipment to connect any item to the Internet according to an agreed protocol for information exchange and communication to achieve the right, A network of intelligent identification, positioning, tracking, monitoring, and management of items.

The origin of IoT

The concept of the Internet of Things first appeared in the book “The Road to the Future” by Bill Gates in 1995. In “The Road to the Future”, Bill Gates has mentioned the concept of the Internet of Things, but it was limited by wireless networks, hardware, and sensing equipment at the time. The development of China has not attracted the attention of the world.

In 1998, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States creatively put forward the idea of ​​the “Internet of Things” called the EPC system at that time.

In 1999, the United States Auto-ID first proposed the concept of “Internet of Things”, which was mainly based on item coding, RFID technology, and the Internet. In the past in China, the Internet of Things was called a sensor network.

The Chinese Academy of Sciences started research on sensor networks as early as 1999 and has achieved some scientific research results and established some applicable sensor networks. In the same year, the International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networks held in the United States proposed that “the sensor network is another development opportunity facing mankind in the next century.”

In 2003, the US “Technology Review” proposed that sensor network technology will be the top ten technology that will change people’s lives in the future.

On November 17, 2005, at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in Tunisia, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) released the “ITU Internet Report 2005: Internet of Things”, which officially put forward the concept of “Internet of Things”.

The report pointed out that the ubiquitous “Internet of Things” communication era is coming, and all objects in the world, from tires to toothbrushes, from houses to paper towels, can be actively exchanged through the Internet. Radiofrequency identification technology (RFID), sensor technology, nanotechnology, intelligent embedded technology will be more widely used.

1. IoT Home security: real-time check indoor conditions

The security monitoring system is the most important thing in the application of the Internet of Things in the smart home. It is effectively connected through the monitoring camera, window sensor, smart doorbell (built-in camera), infrared monitor, etc., and the user can view the room anytime and anywhere through mobile phones and Ipad The real-time situation to ensure residential safety.

2. IoT Smart socket: remotely control switching appliances to track power consumption

socket is the basic interface for home appliances to obtain electricity. If it has the function of connecting to the Internet, other electrical appliances can also be realized. By remotely controlling the switching of electrical equipment and tracking power consumption, it helps users save energy better.

3. IoT lighting: change the scene as you like

Through the mobile phone application, you can switch the lights, adjust the color and brightness, etc., and change the atmosphere of the scene as you like.

4. IoT Air conditioning temperature control: remote temperature control, personalized customization

In the hot summer and cold winter, the regulation of residential temperature is very important.

Relying on the Internet of Things technology, we can realize remote temperature control operations through mobile phones, control the temperature of each room, customize personalized modes, and even realize automatic temperature control operations by positioning the user’s location through GPS according to the user’s habits.


5.  IoT Smart washing machine: remote control washing machine, smart washing program

Calculate the amount of laundry detergent according to the degree of soiling and weight of the clothes, and pour it into the drum. At the same time, the appropriate intelligent washing program is executed. It can also automatically perform drying and ironing after washing.

All you need to do is throw the clothes in. Take it out and fold it neatly afterward. In addition, you can remotely control the washing machine and master the washing process through a mobile phone application.

6. IoT ​​Smart refrigerator: send food information, update shopping list, give recipe suggestions

You only need to see the display screen to know the inventory in the refrigerator. You can also transmit the temperature, inventory, and expired food information in the refrigerator to the mobile app. You can even update the shopping list according to the inventory and download the recipe automatically.

In addition, users can automatically give healthy and reasonable recipe suggestions by setting the basic physical data of family members.

7.  IoT Smart oven: mobile phone app to control oven temperature, download recipes

The WIFI function is added to the traditional oven, the temperature of the oven can be controlled through the mobile phone application, including preheating and heating and even the recipe can be downloaded to achieve a more targeted cooking method.

Not only ovens, some high-end coffee machines, and bartenders can also be equipped with WIFI function, and manufacturers will update coffee or cocktail menus from time to time so that you can make the taste of cafes and bars at home.

8.  IoT Smart toothbrush: tips for brushing time and analyze oral health

The toothbrush is connected to a smartphone via Bluetooth 4.0 to remind the brushing time and location; according to the user’s toothbrushing data, an analysis chart is generated to estimate oral health.

9.  IoT Smart scales: provide health advice to achieve more accurate and seamless health monitoring

Through the built-in sensor, blood pressure, fat mass, and even air quality can be detected, and transmitted to the app to provide users with health advice. It can also be interconnected with sports bracelets, smartwatches, etc. to achieve more accurate and seamless personal health monitoring.

10. IoT Smart toilet: automatic switch, intelligent analysis

In addition to the automatic lid opening operation through the built-in proximity sensor, the built-in intelligent analyzer can also analyze the excrement and transmit the analysis results to the mobile phone and display application, allowing users to know their health status at any time.

11. IoT Intelligent plant monitor: monitor humidity, temperature, and push watering time

Put the instrument on the soil of the flowerpot, you can monitor its humidity, temperature, etc., and tell you when it is time to water through the application push, which can be described as the gospel of “plant killers”.

12. IoT Smart fish tank: automatic feeding, automatic timing lighting, and sterilization

The most troublesome thing about fish farming is the need to feed regularly, illuminate and sterilize, and aerate and give oxygen. The smart fish tank can help you feed the feed automatically and regularly every day; automatically turn on and off the germicidal lamp; monitor the pH, salinity, and temperature of the water in the fish tank, and display these information data through the mobile phone application.

Highfive Multilayer PCB IoT

Highfive Multilayer PCB IoT

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